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Substance Use and Abuse, Second Edition
Substance Use and Abuse provides both students and practitioners in the field of addiction counselling with a foundational knowledge of psychoactive drugs. With its emphasis on the bio-psycho-social components of addiction, this text is essential reading for both beginning and experienced addiction counsellors and social workers. Among the critical topics discussed are concepts and theories of addiction, the major types of psychoactive substances, treatment options and resources, and numerous prevention strategies. The book concludes with an informative chapter on the legal, ethical, and practice requirements for becoming a competent addiction counsellor.This thoroughly updated second edition reflects contemporary issues and recent advances in the field of addiction counselling. New sections examine fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and solvent abuse syndrome, drug treatment courts, various new drugs including bath salts and synthetic cannabis, and emerging treatment options such as internet counselling, narrative therapy, and e-cigarettes. Substance Use and Abuse is a timely and much-needed resource for both students and counsellors seeking to treat individuals dealing with addiction.
Table of Contents
PrefaceAcknowledgements1. Fundamental Concepts1.1 Conceptualizing Addiction1.2 Pharmacological Foundations1.3 Pharmacokinetics1.4 Incidence of Drug Use and Economic Implications2. Theories on Addiction2.1 The Moral Model2.2 Biological Theories2.3 Psychological Theories2.4 Sociological Theories3. Psychoactive Substances of Use and Abuse3.1 Depressants3.2 Opioids3.3 Stimulants3.4 Hallucinogens3.5 Psychotherapeutic Agents3.6 Final Considerations4. Treatment Options4.1 Pharmacological Therapies (Pharmacotherapy)4.2 Individual Counselling4.3 Intervention4.4 Group Counselling4.5 Family Counselling4.6 Behavioural Counselling4.7 Harm Reduction4.8 The Transtheoretical Model of Change4.9 Motivational Interviewing4.10 Mutual Aid/Self-Help4.11 Internet Counselling4.12 Conclusion5. Treatment Resources5.1 Entry into the Addiction Continuum of Care5.2 Addiction-Specific Resources5.3 In-patient versus Community-Based Outpatient Care5.4 Adjunct Resources5.5 Relapse Prevention6. Prevention 6.1 Introduction6.2 Program Component Options6.3 Effective Programming6.4 Ineffective Programming6.5 Family Programming6.6 What Works6.7 What To Do7. Becoming a Competent Addiction Counsellor: Legal , Ethical , and Practice Considerations7.1 Psychoactive Drugs and the Law7.2 Ethical Considerations7.3 Practice Considerations: Addiction Counsellor Competencies7.4 Concluding ThoughtsAppendix A: A History of Psychoactive Drugs in CanadaAppendix B: A Global History of Psychoactive DrugsReferencesCopyright AcknowledgementsIndex