We don’t actively support Internet Explorer
It appears that you are using Internet Explorer, which has been discontinued by Microsoft. Support has ended for versions older than 11, and as a result you may face security issues and other problems when using it.
We recommend upgrading to a newer browser such as Firefox, Google Chrome, or Edge for a much better experience across the web.
While this site may work with Explorer, we are not testing and verifying it, so you may run into some trouble or strange looking things.
Cyndy Baskin, PhD, is of Mi’kmaq and Celtic descent, originally from NB who has been living in Toronto for many years. Her clan is the fish and her spirit name translates as something like “The Woman Who Passes on the Teachings.” She is currently an Associate Professor in the School of Social Work at Ryerson University in Toronto, Ontario. Her teaching, research and writing interests involve how Aboriginal worldviews can inform education, spirituality, anti-violence towards Indigenous women and girls and decolonizing research methodologies. Cyndy is the Chair of Ryerson University’s Aboriginal Education Council and the Academic Coordinator of the Certificate in Aboriginal Knowledges and Experiences through the Chang School of Continuing Education. She is also the author of two novels, a textbook which is now in its second edition and numerous journal articles and book chapters focusing on Indigenous Peoples. Prior to joining Ryerson, Cyndy worked as a social worker for many years within Aboriginal agencies in Toronto and assisted many First Nations communities to set up culture-based programs, the latter of which she continues to do today. She is also a consultant in the area of Aboriginal programming within various components of mainstream social services and educational institutions.