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Population Health in Canada
Issues, Research, and Action
Edited by Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Ronald Labonté, Corinne Packer, Vivien Runnels
This contributed volume includes papers from the Population Health Improvement Research Network (PHIRN) of Ontario and offers a focused analysis of the social and economic determinants of health that impact the health status of populations in Ontario as well as the conditions that can improve the health status of populations across Canada. The different sections address health policy theories, research methods, program interventions, and strategies for knowledge translation. Population Health in Canada is appropriate for use in upper-year undergraduate heath sciences, social sciences, and political science programs, and for graduate study on the multi-disciplinary, interdisciplinary, and trans-disciplinary nature of population health research.
Table of Contents
List of Acronyms
Preface A Legacy of the Population Health Improvement Research Network
Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
Chapter 1 Introduction
Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
SECTION I METHODOLOGICAL TOOLS FOR POPULATION HEALTH
Chapter 2 Population Health Equity and Intervention Research: A Scoping Review of the Published and Grey Literature in Ontario, 2005–2011
Hasu Ghosh and Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
Chapter 3 An Overview of Qualitative Methods and Design: Tools and Resources for Population Health Research
Vivien Runnels, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, and Danielle Rolfe
Chapter 4 Giving Voice: Practical Approaches to Qualitative Multilingual Health Research
Mechthild Meyer and Alma Estable
Chapter 5 An Index of Population Health Databases: Addressing the Challenge of Finding Evidence for Population Health Research and Decision-Making
David N. Williams, Corinne Packer, Leanne Trimble, and Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
Chapter 6 Multiple Chronic Diseases in Canada: Using Health Administrative Data to Address Research Gaps
Elizabeth Muggah, Erin Graves, Carol Bennett, and Douglas G. Manuel
Chapter 7 Exploring the Social Determinants of Mental Health Service Use Using Intersectionality Theory and CART Analysis
John Cairney, Scott Veldhuizen, Simone Vigod, David L. Streiner, Terrance J. Wade, Paul Kurdyak
SECTION II POPULATION HEALTH EQUITY AND THE SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
Chapter 8 The State of Health Equity in Ontario
Chapter 9 How to Think about Social Determinants of Health: Revitalizing the Agenda in Canada
Ted Schrecker and Vanessa Taler
Chapter 10 Synthesizing Review Evidence on Community-Based Diet and Nutrition, Built Environment, and the Social Determinants of Health in Canada
Maureen Dobbins, Daiva Tirilis, and Kara Decorby
Chapter 11 Inequities in Housing and the Health of Recent Immigrants to Canada: Summary of a Literature Review
Ronald Labonté, Abdullahel Hadi, Corinne Packer, Vivien Runnels, and Arne Ruckert
Chapter 12 Wildfires and Population Health in Northeastern Ontario
Chapter 13 Global Finance’s Impacts on Social Determinants of Health and Health Equity
Chapter 14 Complementarities or Contradictions? Scoping the Health Dimensions of “Flexicurity” Labour Market Policies
Zabia Afzal, Carles Muntaner, Haejoo Chung, Qamar Mahmood, Edwin Ng, and Ted Schrecker
SECTION III POPULATION HEALTH INTERVENTIONS AND COMMUNITY ACTION
Chapter 15 Knowledge Translation for Intersectoral Action: The Case of Canada’s Building Codes
Nancy C. Edwards
Chapter 16 Who Says What? Tobacco Control Interest Groups’ Activities as Portrayed in a Canadian Newspaper from 1993 to 2004
Adenike Y. Rowaiye, Anita Kothari, and Dana Gore
Chapter 17 Walking, Walkability, and Health Disparities: Condensed Review Summary and Update
Chapter 18 Local Food Charters and Policies in Canada
Chapter 19 Social Entrepreneurship and Services for Marginalized Groups
Sean Kidd and Kwame McKenzie
Chapter 20 Youth Futures: A Program and Its Evaluation
Vivien Runnels and Caroline Andrew
Chapter 21 Designing and Implementing Rights-Based Provincial/Territorial Strategies to Address Homelessness and Poverty
Chapter 22 International Human Rights in Anti-Poverty and Housing Strategies: Making the Connection
Chapter 23 Taxing Private Health Insurance to Fund Programs for the Poor in Ontario
Jamie Moeller and Carlos Quiñonez
SECTION IV ISSUES AND COMMENTARIES IN POPULATION HEALTH
Chapter 24 Social Determinants of Health: Bad News and Good on the Inequality Front
Chapter 25 Healthy, Equitable, and Sustainable Transportation: A New Frontier for Action on Health Equity?
Chapter 26 So You Think You Have Free Health Care?
Chapter 27 Our Big Fat Complicated Population Health Problem: Even Tougher than You Thought?
Chapter 28 A Social Movement, Based on Evidence?
Chapter 29 Health Impact Assessments: The Practical Ramifications of Considering Inequities
Chapter 30 Reflections on a Change of Scene, and the Politics of Health Research
Afterword “Reading” the Contribution of Ontario’s Population Health Intervention Research Network: A Community Advisor Perspective
Biographies of Editors